COMPOSITION: Contilex® tablet: Each film coated tablet contains Glucosamine Sulfate 250 mg as Glucosamine
Sulfate Potassium Chloride USP & Chondroitin Sulfate 200 mg as Chondroitin Sulfate Sodium USP.
PHARMACOLOGY: Glucosamine (2-amino-2-deoxy-alpha-D-glucose) is a natural amino-sugar, produced by the
body and found in certain foods. It is the most fundamental building block required for biosynthesis of
glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) like Hyaluronic Acid, Keratan Sulfate, and Chondroitin Sulfate. GAGs binds with
protein and form proteoglycans, the essential building block of articular cartilage. When cartilage in a joint
deteriorates,Osteoarthritis develops. It also helps to form ligaments, tendon, nails, and various other connective
tissues.When we take artificially synthesized Glucosamine Sulfate supplement, it increases Glucosamine level in
the body, thus facilitates production and repair of cartilage. Glucosamine also activates chondrocytes in the
cartilage which help produce GAGs and proteoglycans.
Chondroitin Sulfate is a glycosaminoglycan (acid muco-polysaccharide) found in connective tissue, especially in
the articular cartilage of all mammals. Chondroitin Sulfate supplement acts similarly as Glucosamine Sulfate,
since it also provide substrate for proteoglycans. Chondroitin also protects existing healthy cartilage from
premature decline by preventing the MMP (Matrix metalloproteinase) enzyme that breakdowns the
Combining Glucosamine with Chondroitin Sulfate shows synergistic effect.Data supports that this combination
has been shown to be very much effective in severe cases of Osteoarthritis that treats both sign and symptoms
of Osteoarthritis & modifies disease progression. It prevents Osteoarthritis in case of normal adults. In
Osteoarthritic pain it is as effective as NSAIDs with significantly better tolerability and clinical compliance. It is
also helpful during the repair phase of musculo-skeletal soft tissue injuries such as tendon or ligament strains.
INDICATION:Treatment of Osteoarthritis of fingers,shoulder joints & weight bearing joints of the body.
As a dietary supplement to prevent Osteoarthritis.
DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION
1 - 2 tablets, three times daily. Dose may be adjusted according to the response of the drug and body weight.
Doses can be tapered after 60 days as per requirement of the individual and for cost convenience. Typical
dosage recommendation, based on body weight is as followsUnder 54 Kg : 800 mg Chondroitin Sulfate & 1000 mg Glucosamine Sulfate per day
54 Kg - 91 Kg: 1200 mg Chondroitin Sulfate & 1500 mg Glucosamine Sulfate per day
Over 91 Kg: 1600 mg Chondroitin Sulfate & 2000 mg Glucosamine Sulfate per day
CONTRAINDICATION: There is no known contraindication to Glucosamine or Chondroitin. But proven
hypersensitivity to these ingredients is a contraindication.
PRECAUTION: Patients with Diabetes Mellitus are advised to monitor blood glucose levels regularly when taking
Glucosamine. No special studies were formed in patients with renal or hepatic insufficiency. The toxicological
and pharmacokinetic profile of Glucosamine and Chondroitin does not indicate limitations for these patients.
However, administration to patients with severe hepatic or renal insufficiency should be under appropriate
medical supervision.Children should not be supplemented with Glucosamine and Chondroitin.
SIDE EFFECT: Safety studies with Glucosamine Sulfate & Chondroitin Sulfate show no demonstrable side effects.
Rarely occurring side effects (such as, mild & reversible intestinal flatulence) are almost like placebo.
USE IN PREGNANCY & LACTATION: Women who are pregnant or who could become pregnant should not
supplement with Glucosamine Sulfate or Chondroitin Sulfate. Glucosamine and Chondroitin has not been
studied enough to determine their effects on a developing fetus. No studies have evaluated the use of
Glucosamine and Chondroitin during pregnancy or lactation. It should be taken with caution and medical
advice during pregnancy and lactation.
DRUG INTERACTION: There have been no reports of significant drug interactions of Glucosamine and
Chondroitin with Antibiotics/ Antidepressants/ Antihypertensives/ Nitrates/ Antiarrythmics/ Anxiolytic/
Hypoglycemic agents/ Antisecretives/ Antiasthmatics. Chondroitin may enhance the blood thinning effects of
anticoagulants like Warferine,Heparine.
PHARMACEUTICAL PRECAUTION: Protect from light and moisture. Keep in dry and cool place.
HOW SUPPLIED:Contilex¨ Tablet: Box containing 5x6 tablets in Alu-Alu blister pack.
Brand: Square Pharmaceuticals Ltd